– It is the one in which the speaker or writer shows with words how a thing is made (or a person or an animal or a place) indicating the characteristics, aspects and qualities that can give an effective image and as complete as possible.
DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY DEFINITION
ETYMOLOGY – Show how a thing is made.
EXAMPLES: technical treatises, scientific brochures, guides, descriptive sequences of literary works.
PURPOSE: Informative – to make someone know something persuasive – to induce the recipient to positively or negatively evaluate the object described (in advertising texts, they omit much information regarding the object, channeling attention only to aspects that may influence the reader and which may induce him to evaluate the thing described in one way rather than another). Expressive – Transmit emotions through a particular use of language, which frequently uses figurative expressions and comparisons.
DESCRIPTION OF ESSAY: objective (impersonal) – the author does not express opinions or personal impressions, but limits himself to presenting a thing (or a person, or an animal) through a series of objective data, without any emotional participation. subjective (personal) – the author presents the object of the description portraying him as he sees it and feels it and then filtering it through his own opinions and emotions, to arouse similar emotions in the recipient.
STRUCTURE OF DESCRIPTIVE PAPER
– there are: referent (subject of the description) parts (elements of the referent) quality (particular aspects of the referent)
LINGUISTIC CHARACTERISTICS: verb tenses present imperfect sentences short sentences spatial indicators richness and precision of terms determinant presence of adjectives use of figurative language and figures rhetoric
DESCRIPTIVE ESSAY TECHNIQUES – the way in which the words of the language are organized to give shape to the description, that is to reproduce the described object. selection criterion relegate to the end or omit the name of the referent to list only some qualities or parts of the referent reduce or omit the qualities of the referent reduce or omit the list of parts of the object criterion of ordering from the general to the particular of spatial type from outside to inside from top to bottom from the central point of view to the surrounding elements from a foreground to the background from left to right or vice versa from east to west, etc. sensory criterion – description using different sense organs criterion of point of view fixed point of view from different angles comparative criterion comparisons contrasts object variations to be described recipient purpose
THE EXHIBITION TEXT DEFINITION – It is the one where the speaker or writer provides information to his interlocutors , data and news to make it easier to spoil their knowledge on a given topic.
ETYMOLOGY – Showing, explaining
EXAMPLES – Encyclopedias voices, school texts, college paper, contrails.